The second principle in Chickering and Gamson’s Seven Principles for Good Practice in Undergraduate Education (1987) is to encourage active learning and student cooperation. Recent research has found that these principles apply to online courses as well. The Association of American Colleges and Universities’ High Impact Educational Practices such as collaborative learning and service learning can improve student retention and engagement.
Since students are accustomed to working independently in online classes (aside from using discussion boards), here are ways to implement effective collaborative learning strategies in your online course:
Group projects: Students get the opportunity to collaborate, help each other, and practice effective communication skills and time management, which are also important career skills.
Peer review of assignments: Have your students swap assignments to review and provide feedback. The reviewers learn from the process, and the person who is being reviewed has the opportunity to improve his or her work before it is graded.
Student-to-student interviews: Students can interview each other for a class introduction. Or they can ask each other about their baseline knowledge of a topic, what they have learned from an assigned reading, or their opinions about a current event.
Online study groups: Learners can choose their online study group partners or you can assign them. An effective group task is to ask students to create sample test questions.
Student engagement: Invite your class to volunteer, attend a seminar, participate in service learning events, or hear a relevant speaker on campus. Interacting with students outside of class is a great way to improve engagement.
Online meetings: These may be optional or required. Survey your students to determine their availability for the online meetings, which may typically be in the evenings. You can use this time to review challenging course material, present short lectures, discuss student projects or hold Q&A sessions.
What techniques do you use to foster collaboration in online courses? Let us know in the comments below.
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