Today, Wiley presents a comprehensive update to the Wiley publication ethics guidelines first published in 2006, with the release of the Best Practice Guidelines on Publishing Ethics: A Publisher's Perspective. Second Edition. Our aim for these guidelines remains to support all those involved in scholarly publishing with a summary of best practice guidance from leading organizations around the world.
Below are our top 10 tips:
1. Adopt journal policy and practice that supports ethical best practice – Be well-informed of good practice for ethical standards for research, editorial policy and publication ethics. Support a robust appeals/right-to-reply mechanism.
2. Support efficient, effective, ethical peer review – Provide a timely and quality review; give a fair, unbiased, objective review; respect the confidentiality of peer review; do not use insulting or defamatory language, nor make libellous, unfounded accusations.
3. Be mindful of breaches of publication ethics – Be watchful of issues of plagiarism, dual submission and publication and image manipulation; report any irregularities and inform journals where errors in research are found post-publication.
4. Disclose conflict of interest – Be conversant with COI journal policy; EIC, editorial team, authors and reviewers to declare conflicts of interest; include appropriate funding statements in manuscripts.
5. Accurately list those who contributed to the work and how – Check that co-authors meet the criteria for authorship and ensure that appropriate acknowledgements are made in the manuscript; authors should agree the order in which their names will be listed and use tools that remove potential ambiguity around author names.
6. Comply with discipline guidelines for reporting standards – Check reporting is thorough and provides readers with information needed to fully appraise research, replicate it, and use it; be alert to bias and follow guidelines for accurate and complete reporting of research.
7. Ensure that ethical and responsible research is published – explain how research has been conducted responsibly; provide assurances that participants’ rights have been protected; register clinical trials; report ethical concerns including animal/human studies; exercise cultural sensitivity.
8. Take action and alert journals to suspected malpractice – Speak to the Publisher on cases of ethical concern; seek advice from the relevant institutional, employer and funder policies regarding the reporting and investigation of suspected misconduct; consult COPE guidelines.
9. Correct errors where found – Notify journals when errors are found; collaborate to publish corrections when important errors surface, and retract articles when errors are so fundamental that they invalidate the work.
10. Protect intellectual property – Ensure there is explicit authority to publish any article and that authors are aware of their rights with regard totheir articles; comply with funder mandates around accessibility.
What do you feel are the biggest ethical challenges in scholarly publishing? Let us know by leaving a comment below or tweeting with hashtag #PubEthics.