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Discover the Future of Research

621 posts
    Samantha Green
Samantha Green
Society Marketing, Wiley

Our panel of judges is pleased to announce the winner of the 2nd annual Women in Research Travel Grant Competition. After much deliberation, and the daunting task of reviewing more than 170 insightful responses on what they would say to young girls interested in science, Luciana Miu, a Research Postgraduate and Faculty member in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Imperial College, London, will be awarded a travel grant of $2,000USD.

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Her winning response took the form of a poem:

 

To you, future scientist

It's warming to my heart to see so much of me in you,
That wide-eyed awe, that eager smile: "What else can science do?"
"What spaceships, cars or nano-bots will engineers design?"
"What next for astrophysics on the history of time?" 
So no matter what they tell you in your college applications,
There is nothing more important than this lifelong fascination.

It's deja-vu to see you look around your college lab,
You've heard the story, yes - it's slightly meaningless and drab:
"Gender balance: 80-20. Yes, of course we strive for more.
But for years now, engineering has been male right to its core."
Yet no matter what you're thinking, as the only girl enrolled,
There is nothing more important than the passion that you hold.

And it's clear in your and my minds that our future generations,
Must stand tall upon the shoulders of our giants' inspiration,
And say: "Diversity in science is no longer just a dream,
Look around you and you'll see us all now working as a team.
Just think back - how many breakthroughs do you think we would have missed
If we'd settled for the "fact" that women study science less?

So no matter if they tell you to rethink your love for science,
Just remember: science needs you, and the future needs its giants.

 

The judges feel that this essay stands out because of its passion, its artistry and creativity, and its innovative approach.

 

This entry for the Travel Grant competition charms with its clever and memorable format, evoking childhood rhymes that will be familiar and enjoyable to the next generation of scientists.

 

Importantly, the key themes in this poem are curiosity and passion. The author emphasizes the personal drive that is needed for a lifetime pursuing science. The author evokes some of the collaboration, teamwork, and discovery that underpin the scientific process with a freshness and vitality that will instantly engage young girls.

 

And though a love for science remains at the heart of the piece, the poem itself is also a call to action for diversity in science: the future needs all of us, the author states in a powerful representation of inclusion. 

 

Congratulations to Luciana Miu, and thank you to everyone who participated in this travel grant competition. Your words and your work are inspiring to us, and selecting a winner was an incredibly difficult task.

 

2018 Women in Research Travel Grant Judges:

 

L. Anathea Brooks
Steering Committee member, STEM and Gender Advancement (SAGA) project

Dr. Mhairi Crawford
Development Director, Women in Science and Engineering Campaign

Dr. Beth Cunningham
Executive Officer, American Association of Physics Teachers

Dr. Ozak Esu
Electrical Engineer, Cundall, and IET Young Woman Engineer of the Year

Dr. Amanda L. Golbeck
Associate Dean for Academic Affairs and Professor of Biostatistics, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences

Dr. Alfredo Grieco
Editor-in-Chief, Wiley Transactions on Emerging Telecommunications Technologies & Internet Technology Letters

Dr. Donna LaLonde
Director of Strategics Initiatives and Outreach, American Statistical Association

Dr. Jeremy Sanders
Deputy Chair, Athena Forum, and former Pro-Vice-Chancellor, University of Cambridge

Dr. Nadia Thalmann
Professor and Director of the Institute for Media Innovation, NTU, Singapore

 

Image Credit:Hero Images/Getty Images

    Andrew Moore
Andrew Moore
Editor-in-Chief of BioEssays and the Wiley Researcher, Editor and Peer Review Academies

There are many reasons for being rejected, but only one advisable initial reaction: sleep on it for at least one night! Then you can start to analyze the situation, and that’s exactly what you should do. To help you, here’s a simple analysis of the most common reasons for rejection without peer review, so-called “desk-rejection”:

 

  • The manuscript fails the technical screening.
  • The manuscript doesn’t fall within the aims and scope of the journal.
  • The research topic is of little significance.
  • The standard of writing is too low.

 

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If your manuscript is rejected on one of these grounds, you can count yourself lucky in one sense: it will happen quickly, and you will be able to work on potential remedies so much sooner! The first reason is rather basic, and refers to things like missing files, wrongly-formatted files, figures of insufficient resolution, or missing information. The second is more interesting, and it’s arguably the most common amongst manuscripts submitted by inexperienced authors. This means that you haven’t properly matched your manuscript to a journal in terms of one or more of the following: subject area, type of report (e.g. full paper or brief communication), type of research (e.g. basic or applied), significance of the research (does it answer a major open question, or is it the next small step in a developing story?). The third reason is closely related to the second; but the last reason requires a line to emphasize its importance: regardless of the quality of your science, if the writing is not good enough, peer reviewers will be distracted from the science, and not properly assess it. All these failings are relatively easy to remedy, though if you don’t have access to a friendly native English speaker, you might well have to pay for language editing services to brush up your writing.

 

Let’s return to reasons two and three, because these often refer to a mismatch between the “ranking” (partly a matter of impact factor, but also of general public perception) of the journal and the judged “importance” of the paper.  This can be one of the worst disappointments, because you might go away with the feeling that you’re not “good” enough for that journal. Not to worry! If you are convinced that your research is good, and certainly good enough to interest a substantial part of your community, then simply go for a somewhat “less heavyweight”, or perhaps more field-specific, journal and see how you fare.

 

Don’t give up at this stage, because all attempts will teach you invaluable lessons. It’s likely that less “high-powered” journals are not as prominent in the ecology of the Internet, but the interesting thing is that articles these days are increasingly found in complete abstraction from their journals.   This is to your advantage in such a situation, because it means that papers vie for attention amongst each other, on a more journal-neutral playing field, so to speak. By becoming active in social media promotion of your own work (tweets, blog posts, activity on reputable scholarly collaboration networks, for example) you can do a lot to boost attention to your paper, regardless of where you end up publishing it. Remember the only really “wrong” place to publish a paper is in a “predatory” journal…

 

Further reading:

Advice on how to allay your fears about publishing in the “wrong” journal.

More on predatory journals and how to avoid them.

    Lucy Whitmarsh
Lucy Whitmarsh
Marketing Manager, Wiley

Have you ever considered words? Not the plain everyday words, but the ones that have complex meanings. The words that can take entire sentences and shrink them down into a singular group of letters. Some may have crossed language barriers already – schadenfreude (German) is widely understood as a term for delighting in the misfortune of others – but others remain rooted in their original language of origin.

 

So, which of these words are essential for all academic librarians, no matter the language they speak? How many words exist that can help capture the often chaotic days of a librarian and the role s/he plays in his/her institution?

 

1.    TSUNDOKU [tsoon-doh-koo] - Japanese

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At the heart of most librarians is a book lover, a seeker of knowledge and information. At the same time though, librarians are busy people! So tsundoku – the act of buying a book and leaving it unread, alongside other titles you’ll never get time to read – might be quite familiar.

 

2.     DESERNRASCANCO [the-zEn-ros-kan-so] - Portuguese

Moving at such a busy pace means often having to think quickly. If you’ve ever had to improvise or ‘hack’ a creative solution to a problem, you’ll want to learn this word.

 

3.     TAARRADHIN [tAh-rAh-deen] – Arabic

This is a word for all the peacekeepers out there, who are often searching for ways to keep everyone happy. Being at the heart of an academic institution sometimes means offering a happy solution for everyone, a true agreement between all parties involved.


4.     NUNCHI [nUn-chE] - Korean

Similarly, being central to an institution means continually building and working on professional relationships. To communicate effectively you may have learned the subtle art and ability to listen and gauge others moods.

 

5.     VERSCHLIMMBESSERUNG [versh-lim-BESS-air-oong] - German

In times of change, it is inevitable that this might happen. You may have encountered supposed improvements that simply make things worse in the library environment.

 

6.     POCHEMUCHKA [pa-che-'mooch-ka] - Russian

As a source of knowledge for students, faculty and researchers you may come across someone who asks too many questions.

 

7.     TARTLE [tart-uhl] - Scottish

If you work in a large institution or across multiple sites you’ll recognize the panicked hesitation while introducing someone because you can’t quite remember his/her name.

 

8.    SERENDIPITY [ser-en-dip-i-te] – English

When you find something good without looking for it, like when a job opportunity suddenly becomes open or your hard work naturally aligns with a wider project that’s just come to light.

 

9.     ZALATWIĆ [za-wat-vich] - Polish

Sometimes it’s a little harder though, and you might need to use your personal charm or network to just get something done, employing the art of persuasion and connections

 

10.   SENY [sen-j] - Catalan

Academic librarians may be inspired by this ancestral Catalan wisdom, aiming for thoughtful perception of a situation – combining level-headedness, awareness, integrity and taking the right action.


11.   ARBEJDSGLÆDE [ah-bites-gleh-the] - Danish

Quite simply, that feeling of happiness that comes from having a satisfying job.

 

If you know any words that you feel epitomize the life of an academic librarian, let us know in the comments below

 

Special thanks to our European Library Advisory Board members who sparked this idea with conversation and the sharing of interesting words in their native languages over dinner.

 

    Michael O'Riordan
Michael O'Riordan
Editor, Wiley

For the conference issue of Journal of Accounting Research published in April, all articles were published through a registration-based editorial process.  We discussed Registered Reports in an interview with David Mellor from the Center for Open Science late last year.  We recently spoke with Christian Leuz, one of JAR’s Editors, about the journal’s experience putting this process into practice for their conference issue.

 

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Q. Thanks very much for speaking with us, Professor Leuz. So tell me, how did this special registration-based issue of JAR come about?

A. The origin was a conversation between Rob Bloomfield and me a few years ago. We were discussing trends in research practices and concerns about the publication process. During this conversation, we discovered that the JAR Editors and he had all been thinking about how registered reports could address some of these concerns. However, as registered reports had been used mostly in the natural sciences, we thought it would be good to first experiment, and that is why we chose it as a theme and process for the 2017 JAR conference.

 

Q. What was JAR’s goal in using the Registered Reports process?

A. There were several goals and reasons for doing it. In recent years, JAR has been trying to innovate on a number of fronts related to the publication process. We introduced new and, relative to other journals, quite stringent policies on data and code sharing. We also updated policies on conflicts of interest and coercive citations, to name a few. In our conversations about our policies, we have thought extensively about the publication process and its subtle and not so subtle biases, e.g., the incentives to produce significant t-stats. Moreover, over the years, we kept hearing stories about papers with results that do not replicate or are fragile.

 

So, the idea of registered reports was very intriguing to us. We viewed the conference as an experiment to learn about this process, to see how it would work and whether it might provide an alternative way of producing and publishing papers. We were also curious as to whether the papers and the results would look different when produced with a registered report process, e.g., would we see more papers with insignificant findings? Finally, the process was a way to encourage researchers to engage in new research with potentially higher outcome risk that involves gathering new data.

 

Q. Could you describe the process followed by the authors and editors for this issue?

A. We used a twostage editorial process. We followed the core idea that researchers pre-register the analysis and the journal provides in-principal acceptances to the authors for their studies, irrespective of the results of the analysis. The authors submitted proposals to study certain questions and to gather and analyze data to test their predictions. We sent the proposal for review through our normal referee process. After at least two rounds of revision and re-submission, eight proposals received an “in-principle” acceptance, guaranteeing publication as long as authors gathered and analyzed their data as promised, whether or not results supported their predictions.

 

Q. Were authors receptive to the idea and did you face any challenges getting submissions that met the guidelines set out by the journal?

A. The response by authors was fantastic. We received a huge number of proposals from many different areas in accounting using many different methods, including field experiments, lab experiments, and archival analyses. Of course, there were also challenges as the authors and reviewers were less familiar and had little experience with the process. This meant that there was a lot of learning along the way and that we probably had to provide more guidance than with the regular process.

 

Q. What do you see as the benefits to the journal and to your subject community of evaluating articles based on the study design rather than the results?

A. For us, one major benefit was that the experiment opened a discussion about the traditional publication process. It also showed that the journal is open to new ideas and changes. But speaking more generally about publishing registered reports, the biggest benefit is that the process provides additional credibility to the studies and their results. It likely also increases the reproducibility of the findings, which is especially important in light of recent evidence that many fields have very low reproducibility rates. Having said all that, it is important to see that registered reports also change how much authors invest in their projects, and when they do so. A registered report requires a lot of upfront investment in the proposal. But once accepted, there is limited room for adjustments. Thus, authors have fewer incentives to invest in learning about their data and to tease out results that were less predictable upfront. Of course, researchers could simply pursue these opportunities in follow-up research. But it is important to recognize that accounting publishes far fewer papers than the natural sciences. As a result, getting it right with the first paper is more important, hence the concern that authors might invest less once they actually have and analyze the data, is to be taken seriously.

 

Q. What did you learn from your experience and do you have tips for other journals that may be considering Registered Reports?

A. The experience very clearly showed that there are two sides to the discretion that the traditional process gives to researchers. Registered reports basically tie the hands of researchers once they have gathered the data. This increases the credibility and reproducibility of the findings. At the same time, authors learn a lot from seeing and exploring the data. Thus, as mentioned earlier, there is a tradeoff. Interestingly, both effects can explain why we have far fewer papers with significant results in the current JAR issue.

 

We very clearly learned that proposals need exposure, just as working papers need workshops. So I would encourage the authors to present proposals prior to submission. If we were to do it as part of a conference again, I would recommend holding the conference for Stage 1, when authors present their research plans and pilots, rather than Stage 2 when people present their results. We learned that proposals have to articulate very clearly what we learn from the study, irrespective of whether the predictions are supported or not, and that the authors should be encouraged to conduct power analyses so that there are fewer underpowered studies.

 

I would also recommend to other social science journals and editors to be very clear about the kind of papers for which the registered report process is better suited. My sense is that it should be offered for papers that require very big investments in data collection (for which the in-principle acceptance reduces uncertainty); it works well for experiments in the lab or the field; and it provides credibility to studies that later could be unfairly criticized as doing something simply because they found a sensational or unexpected result. It would show that the researchers thought about this outcome ex ante and not after analyzing the data.

 

Q. Do you have plans to use this process again in the future, either for another special issue or as a new publication type for authors interested in using this process?

A. Overall, the experience was positive but it also showed that the process needs tweaking for social science research such as studies in accounting and finance. We are currently discussing what we have learned and how we could design the process so that we could continue to publish registered reports at JAR. So, stay tuned.

 

Q. Any final thoughts to share on JAR’s experience with Registered Reports?

A. Yes, let me provide a recommendation. Rob Bloomfield who kindly helped us as a guest editor for the registered report conference wrote a very interesting paper (published in the same issue) that discusses the pros and cons of registered reports and, more specifically, lessons from the process. They conducted a survey among authors, reviewers and conference participants as well as a survey among researchers on the role of discretion in research. His paper provides many interesting insights on the benefits, but also tradeoffs that I discussed. For further information on the Registered Reports process at JAR, see our website.

 

Thanks, Christian. We appreciate you sharing these valuable insights for editors and authors who are interested in following this process for their own research.

 

And for Wiley journal editors, here’s our closing message. We have a Registered Reports toolkit to help launch Registered Reports quickly. Please speak with your publisher about making this option available to researchers in your subject community.

 

Christian Leuz (pictured above), along with Philip G. Berger and Douglas J. Skinner, is Editor of the Journal of Accounting Research, one of the world’s top Business/Finance journals, that publishes original research in accounting and related areas.

 

Photo credit: Christian Leuz
    Jemma Blow
Jemma Blow
Associate Marketing Manager, Statistics & Mathematics

As we continue our series of profiles of statisticians in celebration of Mathematics and Statistics Awareness month, we spoke to Dr. Jennifer Rogers, Director of Statistical Consultancy Services at the University of Oxford, Vice President (External Affairs), Royal Statistical Society and President, British Science Association Mathematical Sciences Section, about what drove her to pursue statistics as a career. JRogers.png

 

Q. How or why did you choose statistics as a career path/study area?

 

A. I am actually an accidental statistician/mathematician rather than someone who actively chose it. I absolutely hated maths when I was in high school and was convinced that I was no good at it. In fact, it was my maths teacher who convinced me to take up maths as an A-level. I had picked three subjects and was considering biology as my fourth, but my maths teacher talked me into choosing maths and I’ve never really looked back. Once I started my A-levels, that was really it for me, I completely fell in love with statistics and that was all I wanted to do.

 

Q. What inspires you about statistics?

 

A. My love of the subject stems from having tangible datasets that you can investigate and explore. You can see data, plot it, analyze it and learn from it. I also love the many applications that statistics has. My job as a consultant means that I am involved in all sorts of different projects in many different fields. But my first love will always be medical statistics. Knowing that the work that I carry out can help keep people alive longer, prevent diseases, or improve quality of life is hugely inspirational to me and I feel incredibly lucky to have had the opportunity to work on some really worthwhile and life changing projects.

 

Q. What’s been the most exciting thing about your career in statistics?

 

A. Seeing my work presented at big medical conferences and hearing the subsequent discussions around how my analyses will inform future clinical practice is incredibly exciting. There’s a real buzz from hearing world renowned clinicians discussing your work and how it might help individuals in the future. I am also lucky enough to be able to undertake quite a lot of public engagement and media work. Standing on a stage in a big theatre in front of 1000 or so teenagers, or being interviewed for radio or TV are really fun, exciting aspects of my job which constantly keep me on my toes as you never know what interesting question/problem might come up next!

 

Q. What would you say to students/Early Career Researchers who may be considering statistics as a field of study or career choice?

 

A. Do it! You won’t be disappointed and you most definitely will never be bored. Being a statistician is challenging, thought-provoking, rewarding and constantly changing. There has never been a more exciting time to be a statistician in my opinion! We now live in a data generation and so our profession is only going to get more and more stimulating as we need more and more statisticians to make sense of it all. Data is only a raw material, after all. It takes a statistician to turn that raw material into knowledge. Oh, and I would also say listen to your maths teachers. It worked out pretty well for me!

 

Image Credit: Jennifer Rogers

    Amy Molnar
Amy Molnar
Marketing Manager, Wiley

Back in the day academic and research libraries (ARLs) were known for two basic things—they had a huge collection of source materials, and they had librarians who could help you find what you needed. Today the rapid pace of technological and sociological change has required libraries to adapt. Students and researchers now find source materials online, and teaching and learning methodologies often involve hands-on creative activities versus absorbing content passively. In response, libraries have expanded the services they provide through the use of technology. Technological solutions are being used to determine best space usage practices, develop enhanced search engine capabilities, and create new data storage and retrieval systems.

 

In the NMC Horizon Report: 2017 Library Edition, education and technology experts consider six challenges ARLs face in implementing these new technologies. The Report is produced by the NMC Horizon Project, an effort founded in 2002 to study technological developments expected to significantly impact education-related institutions. After an extensive cycle of discussions, the Horizon Project team sorted what they determined to be the most significant impediments to technology adoption by ARLs into three categories based upon the nature of the identified challenges: solvable challenges, difficult challenges, and wicked challenges.

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Solvable Challenges are those that we understand and know how to solve. The two solvable challenges discussed in the Report include Accessibility of Library Services and Resources, and Improving Digital Literacy.

 

     1. Accessibility of Library Services and Resources

 

This challenge involves addressing how technological advances can negatively impact disabled persons. For example, while content is increasingly digitalized, the producers of that content are not necessarily concerned with accessibility. In response, ARLs are ensuring assistive technologies such as text-to-voice are available to their patrons and they are working with content producers to develop products designed to take advantage of current and future accessibility technologies. Likewise, ARLs are working with educators to ensure accessibility issues are considered during curriculum development.

 

2. Improving Digital Literacy

 

With the advent of the digital data environment, students, researchers and educators need to understand more than how to utilize digital tools and platforms. Rather, they need to understand the fundamental nature of the digital environment to enable them to creatively apply new technologies and to work in newly-enabled collaborative creation efforts. In addition, they need to comprehend the pitfalls digital technology can create (such as the uncritical acceptance of misinformation posted online). To address such challenges, ARLs are participating in digital literacy initiatives with business, academic and other governmental agencies to define and develop the needed competencies as well as related training programs.

 

Difficult Challenges are those we understand but for which solutions are elusive. The two difficult challenges discussed in the Report include Adapting Organizational Designs to the Future of Work; and Maintaining Ongoing Integration, Interoperability, and Collaborative Projects.

 

3. Adapting Organizational Designs to the Future of Work

 

Rapid technological advances are changing the way we work. Jobs increasingly require higher social and analytical skills than in the past. This reality has revealed a need to reconsider traditional organizational structures. Just as in the business world, library organizational structures have traditionally been largely hierarchical with decision-making being made at the top. The new reality, however, calls for more flexible, team-based decision-making to enable organizations to be more responsive to customer/patron needs. While such changes offer the promise of more seamless exchanges of information and higher technical competence of staff, what makes this challenge difficult is that as ARLs seek to redefine traditional roles, their staff members face steep learning curves and consequently often resist needed changes.

 

4. Maintaining Ongoing Integration, Interoperability, and Collaborative Projects

 

This challenge involves research funding initiatives and coordinating research information management systems and digital repositories. Much research funding is obtained in the form of competitive grants and awards, so it is critical that ARLs achieve and maintain high profiles and reputations in the eyes of funding agencies. To achieve this, it is incumbent on ARLs to establish strong partnerships with other research institutions. The proliferation of various research data storage and accessibility platforms require the development of interoperability methodologies. What makes these challenges especially difficult is a continually evolving research environment in which is difficult to develop universal standards which, in turn, allow ARLs to efficiently share their findings with funding sources.

 

Wicked Challenges are those that are difficult to define, much less address. The two wicked challenges discussed in the Report include Economic and Political Pressures, and Embracing the Need for Radical Change.

 

5. Economic and Political Pressures

 

Academic and research libraries face mounting economic challenges as the pace of research generation and publication increases. In addition, falling student enrollment, rising subscription costs, and diminishing government funding add to the need for more efficient operations. In response, ARLs have prioritized adopting technologies that cut costs through efficiencies. The problem is that the adoption of new technologies can be costly in itself: to gain efficiencies, you have to spend money up front. On top of this, the political climate can at times create challenges to ARL’s core principles of intellectual freedom.

 

6. Embracing the Need for Radical Change

 

With data increasingly stored in digital form in the Cloud, ARLs are reassessing their acquisition strategies and the nature of the services they provide. In this new reality they must determine how best to utilize their physical space and what services they should provide going forward to maximize their value propositions. This highlights the need for ARLs to work with educators and others to find ways to integrate their offerings into academic programs.

In addition to these challenges to ARL technology adoption, the Report also discusses trends influencing technology adoption in libraries (see the recent post, Six Trends Driving Technology Adoption in Libraries) as well as new library technologies on the horizon. We will discuss these upcoming library technologies next month in a post entitled “Six Important Developments in Technology for Academic and Research Libraries.” Stay tuned!

 

    Samantha Green
Samantha Green
Society Marketing, Wiley

Community is at the heart of any society. The European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR) fosters a robust and engaged member community by understanding what their members need. Rebecca Gethen, Communications Manager at ECPR, shares insights into the organization’s priorities.

 

Q: What are some of the engagement strategies ECPR uses to engage with current members?

 

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A: The ECPR is unusual since our membership is institutional, but all benefits of that membership are aimed at the individuals within those universities, from graduate student level up. Our membership communication strategy therefore should take into account the different roles and needs of the various stakeholders. For example, the individual appointed as ‘Official Representative’ at each member institution has the dual role of being part of the ECPR’s Council as well as a key decision-maker in their university’s renewal of ECPR membership each year. They must be kept informed of governance issues as well as how their staff and students might benefit from their membership. The relationship we have with these c. 340 individuals is vital to the health of the organization and it is our Communications Officer’s job to ensure they are fully supported, informed and engaged through regular correspondence throughout the year. We also have an annual meeting of Council each year at our autumn conference, where members of Council are invited to engage with the Executive Committee (ECPR’s board of trustees) and air any issues or concerns.

 

However, since the membership benefits are aimed at individuals (or ‘affiliate members’ as we call them), how we communicate with and engage this community is equally as important. Primarily we use email and social media to speak to our affiliates, but the big challenge to us is information overload. We are a large organization and regularly have a lot of, what we consider, important information to share, so we constantly walk a tightrope of keeping people informed so they can fully use the benefits of the membership their university has paid for, and bombarding people with information. We have therefore been working on a strategy over the past 18 months or so, of streamlining communications into fortnightly email bulletins that give a quick concise overview and/or a clear call to action, linking to detail and substance on our website (either through content pages or bespoke news stories). We then supplement this with ad-hoc emails on specific activities as and when we feel it is needed (such as calls for papers, new book releases etc.) to more targeted lists. This is then supported through our social media channels and primarily Twitter, which we feel works best for us (though we do also use Facebook and LinkedIn).

 

Feedback from our members is important and highly valued, and at an institutional level is channeled through the Official Representative; at an affiliate level, we run surveys after each event which feed into future planning and invite feedback via the website. We have also run large-scale affiliate membership surveys in the past, and recently ran a program of engagement with our members and Standing Groups which helped shape the development of our new Open Access journal, Political Research Exchange (PRX).

 

Q: Can you share a little about the formation of MyECPR? What role does this community play in your engagement strategy?

 

A: MyECPR is the cornerstone of our engagement with the community – anyone who takes part in any ECPR activity needs to have a MyECPR to manage their participation. Through this, individuals can manage their subscriptions to our mailing lists and in turn what information they receive from us. The data held in MyECPR is vital in helping us understand trends in engagement across gender, geographies and generations, which in turn helps shape the benefits and services ECPR delivers.

 

Q: Following your 2016 Gender Study, what are some of the actions you are taking to help engage members and influence gender equality in the organization?

A: Our study (which will be updated this summer) showed that, overall, levels of participation between men and women at the grass roots of our organization are broadly equal but increasingly reduce in favor of men the further up through the leadership and governance of the organization you go. Women are under-represented as Section and Workshop Chairs at our events, as Editors of our publications, as Standing Group Convenors, Official Representatives and on the Executive Committee (the new EC has four female members – the highest number to date). We have also found that the numbers of women submitting to, and being published within, our journals is very low compared to their male colleagues. The new Executive Committee will be developing a strategy over the next year to seek to improve the participation and representation of female political scientists in ECPR and these could include looking at composition of roundtables, plenary panels and lectures at events and identifying methods of attracting more female candidates for editorial positions as and when they arise.

 

Q: What do you hope to see for your member community over the next five years?

A: There is a growing trend towards open scholarship and increasing pressure from funding bodies for our affiliates and members to publish their research open access, but at the same time limited funds within the social sciences for scholars to meet these obligations. Political Research Exchange (PRX) has been designed to support our community by providing access to this form of publishing at a fraction of the cost of established OA journals and will be seen as a key new membership benefit, which we hope both the institutions and affiliates will find of value. 

 

Image Credit: Monkey Business Images/Shutterstock

    Samantha Green
Samantha Green
Society Marketing, Wiley

On Saturday April 14, people gathered in more than 200 cities around the world to show their support for science. The second annual March for Science shows the power of community and what we can achieve by working together to advocate for a future built on evidence and knowledge that improves lives around the world.

In Washington DC, we were delighted to sponsor a tent on behalf of the National Council for Science and the Environment. This organization advances informed environmental policy through interdisciplinary research, scientific assessment, communication, and training. NCSE specializes in research and education that supports collaboration between diverse institutions and individuals.

They shared with us some of their favorite signs and moments from the day.

 

The theme of the tent was sustainability. At the tent, NCSE offered trivia on sustainable actions that we can all take in our everyday lives. They also shared some information about sustainability work many of their member universities are doing in the region, and encouraged visitors to support sustainable actions in their communities.

 

There was also a sign-making station, where marchers created signs explaining why science matters to them. Jessica Soule, NCSE Deputy Director, shared a favorite moment from the day when a number of young students stopped by and shared that science was their favorite subject. Many drew pictures of some of the experiments they were doing in school.

All in all, the DC weather was beautiful, and the day was a powerful celebration of the role science plays in all of our lives.

Elsewhere, marchers enjoyed an equally sunny day in London, where Wiley colleagues joined in to show their support for all of the amazing work our society partners do every day.

“The March for Science brings together a diverse, interdisciplinary coalition of partners in support of equitable, evidence-based policies for the common good,” says Caroline Weinberg, March for Science interim executive director.

 

We are proud to support the work of scientists researching diseases, climate change, technologies, and new innovations that will transform our world. We are also thrilled to continue our partnership with the March for Science, through our support of Vote for Science, a new program that seeks to secure the long-term funding of science policy, by providing access to scholarly and scientific content. We look forward to providing science advocates with direct access to research through this program, focusing each month on different areas of science and policy.

Watch the live stream of the flagship event in Washington, DC for compelling speeches and some clever and powerful signs. You can watch on YouTube here.

 

Image Credit: Jessica Soule, National Council on Science for the Environment

    Jen Holton
Jen Holton
Director of Global Rights and Permissions at Wiley

The images, figures, tables, graphs and charts published within research articles are often the most important information in the paper. Photos can sum up key findings in a single image, and tables tell a story with their numbers. People around the world search for these images every day, whether it’s for personal research, new publications, educational and training materials, presentations, or promotional purposes. But finding the right image and getting permission to use it can take a long time. Wiley’s new partnership with Lumina Datamatics helps solve this perpetual problem by making it easy to find - and get permission to reuse – the images published within journals.

 

Before, anyone who wanted to reuse a figure in a journal published by Wiley could not even search online for the image they wanted to reuse because there was no metadata attached to images and figures. Once they did find an image, they then had to find the publisher information, request the type of permission they needed, and then wait to receive a license agreement. Now, through the new Lumina Datamatics database, you can find images through a simple Google search or through the database itself. And you don’t need to know anything about where or when the image was published in order to find it.

 

Here’s how it works: when I do an image keyword search on Google, I get a list of results, including any relevant results from the 2 million, high resolution, licensable images currently in the Lumina Rights platform. When I see the image that I want, I can click through to request it, download a high-resolution file, and pay any associated licensing fee all in one easy transaction. Or, instead of Google, I can use a direct link to Lumina’s online Rights Platform to look for the images I want, searching either for a specific publication or via subject-specific keywords. I don’t necessarily need to know what article it was published in to find the image I need. The database also automatically excludes third party images and anything else that can’t be licensed, so once you’ve found what you want, you know you can use it.

 

Besides making it easier for people to find and use the rich collection of images published within Wiley journals, the new service also quickly credits licensing fees back to the right publication. By opening up access to the millions of images published in Wiley journals to more researchers and members of the public, regardless of whether or not they are subscribers, the new database also helps more people find journals they may not have been aware of it before, making it a powerful new way for potential readers and authors to discover your journal.

 

Wiley has published millions of figures and images built on our heritage of over 210-years of quality publishing. Now these resources can be easily found, accessed and utilized by researchers, members of the public, and other enterprises, regardless of whether they subscribe to or purchase our publications. Clearing rights to reuse the images is quick and easy. We see this as an innovative and helpful service for our customers and we are thrilled that Lumina Datamatics will be helping us to accomplish this.

View the press release here.

 

Image Credit: Hero Images/Getty Images

    Kim Tairi
Kim Tairi
Librarian, Auckland University of Technology

Tēnā koutou, tēnā koutou, tēnā koutou katoa (hello, hello hello to you all) from Aotearoa (New Zealand). My name is Kim Tairi and I’m the Kaitoha Puka or University Librarian from Auckland University of Technology (AUT).  If you want to know more about the kind of university we are, I suggest you watch this wonderful video of our UniPrep students. You might need tissues!

 

 

Like most libraries, we are grappling with how to continuously transform our library in an incredibly competitive higher education sector. One of the strategies we are using at AUT is to firmly position the Library as a learning and social space, changing the perception that we are merely repository for books. Many people are “nostalgically protective of libraries” as Dr Layla McCay notes in Huffington Post, which can add layers of complexity to making changes to much loved libraries and collections. Thus, bringing the community along with you when creating new services and spaces requires lots of engagement with users. I want to share with you an example of where we have been successful.

 

Studio 55 – AUT Makerspace

 

You may already be familiar with the makerspace ethos. Essentially, they are shared spaces where people with different skill levels, can come together for informal peer-led learning (Gardiner, D Engineering Students in Studio 55_Portrait_1.JPG2016). In the Library we were keen to create a space that mirrors some of the more innovative teaching and learning spaces in the university as well as real-world workplaces. It seems likely that many of our graduates won’t ever work in office spaces as we now know them. They will work in co-working spaces and studios. We also recognized that studio space in faculty is often restricted to students from that faculty. Thus we wanted to offer faculty agnostic space for all.

 

Haere mai (Welcome) to Studio 55

 

We opened the makerspace in semester 2 of 2017 and the response has been wonderful. The name Studio 55 is a homage to the artist and musician David Bowie, who frequented the New York nightclub, Studio 54 and our street number, 55.

 

We program regular activities in Studio 55 and in the first few months an alumnus, Ryder Jones was our artist-in-residence. He created works of art and ran workshops for the AUT community. The makerspace is particularly popular with our design and engineering students, many of whom weren’t using our physical library spaces before because we weren’t providing the right environment to meet their study needs.

 

Our program includes activities such as: printmaking, yoga, mindfulness, zine-making, sustainability and hack-a-thons. Some are facilitated by students and faculty and our ultimate aim is for the bulk of the workshops to be run by our community.

 

The makerspace provides the perfect place to engage and collaborate. We offer meaningful opportunities for people to acquire new skills and knowledge. Attendance at workshops is steady and growing. The library looks and feels more vibrant and dynamic. When Studio 55 is not being used for workshops, students/staff are free to use the space, materials and much of the equipment. In fact, we have increasingly found that staff from the Library and other areas in the University are using the space for stand-up meetings, agile sprints and team activities.

 

Return on Investment

 

Reusable Tote Bags_Landscape_1.jpgSpaces like this are relatively easy to create. We have kept ours deliberately low tech. The focus is more on peer-led learning. We set the whole thing up for $50,000. Our Marketing and Engagement Specialist Hans Tommy coordinates the space and does the programming and promotion alongside his marketing and communications responsibilities. Ideally, we’d like more resources to expand and grow the activities offered but we’re managing for now. The space is a great investment in terms of changing perceptions about academic libraries. The positive PR and wow factor has paid dividends. More people see the Library as a place that fosters learning, creativity and innovation.

 

Our Library Roadmap (our mission/strategy) talks about creating an environment that encourages curiosity, creativity and experimentation plus fosters learning, teaching, research and openness. The makerspace does all of these things. AUT is the first university in New Zealand to have a library makerspace. It is a win/win for AUT!

 

Kim Tairi

Kaitoha Puka (University Librarian)

Twitter: @kimtairi | Email: kim.tairi@aut.ac.nz

 

    Anna Ehler
Anna Ehler
Society Marketing    

Social media is a great way for societies to build connections with members. If you’re just starting a social program or want to see how your tactics measure up, listen to this month’s interview with Wiley Associate Marketing Director Sarah Garfunkel.

 

 

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For more on how other societies are using social, check out these posts:

How to Make Social Media a Powerful Member Engagement Tool

Implementing a Journal Social Media Strategy: A Successful Case Study

How to Create Engaging Conferences

Listen to the previous podcast episode: Keeping Research Relevant: “In Our Society There Is No Distinction Between Opinion, Wishful Thinking, and Evidence"

You can listen to this episode and others – including our conversation with Wiley family member Jesse Wiley about the future of societies – by going to iTunes and subscribing to the Wiley Society Podcast.

 

    Jemma Blow
Jemma Blow
Associate Marketing Manager, Statistics & Mathematics

As we continue to celebrate Mathematics and Statistics Awareness Month, we recently spoke with Helen MacGillivray, who wears multiple hats as President of the International Statistical Institute; Editor of Teaching Statistics; and Adjunct Professor in Statistics, Queensland University of Technology (QUT)

 

Q. How or why did you choose statistics as a career path/field of study?

A. Like many, I didn’t set out to be a statistician, as I was intending to be a physicist, but discovered that I was much more at home with statistical and probabilistic thinking, and its assumptions, modelling, analysis and applications. Statistics was optional in my undergraduate program, but by the end of my honors degree in mathematics, I was captivated by its conceptual structures, judgement, real-world problem-solving and universality. Nor would I have predicted my passion for teaching statistics and where it would take me, with its data-driven approaches, real and rich contexts, importance across so many discipline, learning environments which reflect the practice of statistics, and the explosion in technology. About 25 years ago I had to choose between progressing on the university leadership or the professional and teaching leadership pathways, and I chose the latter to stay in the statistical world.

 

Q. What inspires you about statistics?

A. My PhD was on statistical questions from industrial crystallisation but it led me to some fundamental problems requiring bringing together concepts, theories and applications. Such synthesis is part of the fascination of statistics, as well as the appeal of the endless challenge of understanding, analyzing, making sense of, and communicating uncertainty and variation in an amazing variety of real contexts across all disciplines. My teaching and leadership have ranged from large (200-600) classes across all engineering, life, health and physical sciences, technology and others, to specialist courses at honors and postgraduate levels. I have never stopped learning about teaching and communicating statistics through observation and evaluation, research, sharing learning with students and colleagues, and interacting with other disciplines and international communities.

 

Q. What are the most exciting things about your jobs?

A. My work now is in honorary international professional positions, having retired from fulltime work as a Professor in Statistics and Director, QUT Maths Access Centre. Across all my work, as tutor, counsellor, lecturer, professor, discipline leader, director, consultant and professional presidencies and editorial positions, the most exciting aspects have been to innovate and make a difference and to interact with people: hundreds of thousands of students, staff in statistics and many other disciplines, colleagues nationally and across the world, employers, past students, school teachers and authorities, authors and publishers.

 

Q. What would you say to students or Early Career Researchers who may be considering statistics as a career or field of study?

A. Studying statistics opens up an amazing variety of interesting and rewarding careers with something for everyone. Statistically-trained people with good communication, teamwork and computing skills are greatly in demand and not in good supply, so financially rewarding careers are available across diverse interests.

 

Bio

Helen is only the second female, and second Australian, to be President of the International Statistical Institute (ISI) in its 130 year history. She was an inaugural Australian Senior Learning and Teaching Fellow, first female President and first female Honorary Life Member of the Statistical Society of Australia. She is Editor of Teaching Statistics, a Principal Fellow of the Higher Education Academy, Chair of the newly established UN Global Network of Institutions for Statistical Training, and a past President of the International Association for Statistical Education. Her work in teaching and curricula design across multiple disciplines, class sizes and educational levels received recognition and support through national awards and significant grants. She has published textbooks, book chapters, keynote, invited or refereed papers on authentic learning and assessment in statistics, quantitative learning support and statistical research interests in distributional properties.

 

 

    Richard Threlfall
Richard Threlfall
Digital Product Manager, Wiley

As the number of papers published in journals increases exponentially every year, authors, editors, reviewers, and societies are all faced with a growing problem: How do I make sense of the huge volume of information that’s out there and how do I quickly find the information that’s most relevant to the questions I want to answer? As a publisher, part of our job is to help everyone find their way through the information deluge and Intelligent Solutions is Wiley’s new data science and machine learning group that is dedicated to doing exactly that.

 

One of the challenges that editors often face is finding high-quality papers for their journals. Preprint servers, where papers are made publicly available before or simultaneously with submission to a journal, are a rich source of good papers. However, before an editor can assess posted papers for quality, he/she first must sort the papers that fit the journal scope from those that don’t, which means screening hundreds of papers every day and, importantly, doing it ahead of the competition. This takes a lot of time and is representative of a raft of editorial tasks that could benefit from a smarter approach like that of our new XrXiv Alerter service.

 

Through machine learning, XrXiv Alerter learns which papers potentially fit the scope of each of the 1600 journals that Wiley publishes, then alerts journal editors when a potentially suitable paper is posted to a preprint server. This means editors spend less time scrolling through lists of irrelevant papers on preprint servers and more time on assessing the relevant papers that might really matter to their journals. Editors face a similar challenge downstream in the publishing process. That being helping to find a home for high-quality papers that aren’t suitable for their own journals but could be published elsewhere. In some cases, a paper may be rejected from several journals before it’s finally published, creating extra work for the authors, editors, and peer reviewers at each step. But what if an editor could visualize the common pathways that submissions like these follow from one journal to the next so that the best journal for a paper could be found faster, with fewer resubmissions?

 

This would be almost impossible to do by hand when you consider that most journals reject hundreds or even thousands of papers every year, but our Submission Pathfinder app can do it in just a few minutes. The app not only enables editors and societies to more easily provide support and guidance for authors of rejected papers, but also quickly identifies potential gaps in the market where there might not  yet be a good home for a subsection of papers.

Data Driven decisions.png

Image: Submission pathways of papers in clinical psychology: An almost impossible task to map by hand but generated in only a few minutes with Submission Pathfinder.

 

If you think about it, there are similar problems throughout the publishing process. How do authors find the most appropriate journals in which to publish their papers? How do editors find the most appropriate reviewers for submitted manuscripts and then ensure that peer review is as fair as possible? How can societies find and retain more of the best papers for
their journals, identify opportunities to launch new journals, and find the best editorial board members for their journals? Beyond journals, what opportunities are there for us to work with societies on broader issues like thought leadership, connecting research to current affairs, and increasing membership?

 

Happily, Intelligent Solutions can offer Wiley’s society partners innovative tools that complement the experience of the experts engaged in all stages of the publishing process. It’s our aim to help everyone make better, more consistent, data-driven decisions without condemning anyone to the drudgery of sorting through today’s data deluge by hand.

 

About Intelligent Solutions: Intelligent Solutions consists of a group of Ph.D. scientists who are former Wiley journal editors turned data scientists. We have experience in developing innovative technology products for researchers, such as the revolutionary organic chemistry tool ChemPlanner and the free-to-use 13C nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy data checking service. Combining data science skills with insight into scientific research, publishing, and product development, we’re able to help colleagues, researchers, and society partners meet the challenges of today’s competitive
publishing landscape.

     Chloe Wenborn
Chloe Wenborn
Wiley, Library Services

Working in a library, you're part of a busy environment that requires you to possess a multitude of skills, from expert knowledge of new technology to strong people skills. That’s why, for many, the need for training never ends.

 

There are always new skills to learn and new abilities to master, and that’s why so many librarians continue to utilize CPD opportunities to boost their overall knowledge.

 

When it comes to CPD it is important to take charge of your own development. Not only will CPD help you grow professionally it will also provide you with necessary skills to help you adapt in the ever-changing environment that is the library. The benefits will not only be seen in the short-term in your existing role but also in your longer-term career.

 

 

library organize.jpeg

Here are four tips for professional development

 

1.     Teach yourself a new skill

 

You don't always need structure or a class to learn something new. Identify a skill that will support you in your line of work or one that you need to improve and start practicing. Web development or Excel mastery are perfect examples of skills that you can teach yourself and that are useful in the workplace. The web is full of free online tutorials, videos and quick guides on how to use these kinds of tools that will enable you to teach yourself.

 

For example, here is a tutorial on the Wiley Network showing you how to create your own images for posters or social media.

 

In order to do this, it’s important to dedicate some time to learning during the workday. Practicing these skills often will help you to learn quickly. Learning in the work place will also enable you to use and perfect these skills in real time and in real situations.

 

2.     Shadow a Colleague

 

What better way to learn than from the people around you? 

 

Your colleagues are likely to have insight and knowledge in related areas that you can learn from and practice, so why not ask? Find someone who has a skill set that you are interested in gaining and ask him/her if he/she is willing to share his/her expertise. Additionally, shadowing offers a broader knowledge of various jobs and functions within your team. It can provide insight into additional skills you may want to acquire as you watch your colleagues put them into practice.

 

3.     Take a Free Online Course

 

Taking a certified online course can not only can be an asset to your C.V. but can leave you with valuable skills to help progress your career. Online courses are often less expensive than more traditional courses onsite at a university and often they are even offered for free. The emergence of MOOCs (Massive Online Open Courses) offers librarians another online education option. Many colleges and universities have begun to accept credits earned via MOOCs.

 

Online courses give you the opportunity to plan your study time around the rest of your day, instead of the other way around. You can study and work when at your most productive, whether that’s early morning or late at night. All of this makes online learning a good option for balancing work and other commitments.

 

4.     Attend a conference

 

Lastly, have you attended a conference already this year? If you found yourself joining fellow librarians and professionals at UKSG 2018, ALA, ADBU Congress in France, Bibliostar in Italy or even Bibliothekartag in Germany then you can already tick off one of these professional development tips!

 

Attending a conference can be an exciting way to network and learn more about your industry. Decide which conferences are most worthwhile for you, and don’t be afraid to consider those in related industries, such as technology or marketing.  Research the conference presenters and attendees and review the agenda to make the most of a day away from the library.

 

These are just a few suggestions for making time to continue your professional development. Do you have your own professional development tips? Share them with us below.

 

Image Source: Pexels.com/PhotoMix Ltd.

 

     Chloe Wenborn
Chloe Wenborn
Wiley, Library Services

When you work in a busy library environment it might seem that there aren’t enough hours in the day to complete every task. Alongside your own tasks, you might have patrons requiring your expertise, time, energy and support. Often this can feel completely overwhelming.

 

In order for you to complete each task to its fullest and provide accurate help and advice to your patrons in a distraction-filled environment, you need to help your brain handle all that input at once. Remind yourself of these three techniques to help you work effectively when you have to multitask.

 

1.    Prioritizelibrary.jpeg

 

Effective multitasking takes prioritization.

 

After making your list of things you need to do that day, you need to be able to prioritize those tasks that are most urgent and those that are not. To simplify, at the top of your list should be those tasks that need to be done first and those tasks that can be done later at the bottom.

 

If you work in a hectic environment, the key is to make sure these lists remain visible throughout the day to ensure important or urgent tasks don’t slip through the cracks. So, put your list in a prominent spot and revisit it during the day Color coding tasks can also help you prioritize while drawing attention to your list to keep it in the forefront of your mind.

 

2.    Set specific time frames for task completion

 

Multitasking includes time management.

 

It's amazing how focused we can really be when we have a deadline or a short amount of time to get a task completed. However, this doesn’t always mean that tasks are completed to the fullest as we will often rush when we have a short amount of time to complete something.

 

Once you have prioritized your to-do list you need to estimate how much time you will need to complete those urgent tasks. Give yourself realistic time frames to make sure you set that time aside. These time frames can often act as motivation while giving you focus.

 

If you have 15 minutes here and there, utilize that time for smaller tasks. This is especially useful if you have a day filled with meetings! Focus on setting the intention that you will get it done within the allotted time you have so you can move on to your next task while ticking another thing off your list.

 

3.    Use downtime to review information

 

Utilize that extra time for efficient multitasking.

 

One of the downsides or dangers of multitasking is that we can sometimes forget a task we have completed. We can also forget to follow up that task or review it. 

 

In a library environment you may find that there are natural lulls in the day or, perhaps by luck, part of your day has become freer than expected. Utilize that time! If you have had to skim an important document during a chaotic week or you’ve been delayed in completing a task as something else has required your attention, take the time to review it later that day or week. Re-read that document or make the finishing touches to that task in your downtime during the day. You can even set aside time to do a mental review of what you have completed to make sure it meets your own standards or pick up something that has slipped down the priority list.

 

If you’re someone who finds motivation in ticking items off a checklist, why not consider time logging? The idea is that you track where you spend your time and in doing so you can more accurately report on projects and more clearly see your own productivity.

 

For more information read a previous post on time logging here:

 

What techniques help you “get it all done”? Let us know in the comments below.

 

Image Source: Pexels.com/PhotoMix Ltd.

 

 

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